Mutational analysis of the breast cancer susceptibility gene BRIP1 /BACH1/FANCJ in high-risk non-BRCA1/BRCA2 breast cancer families

J Hum Genet. 2008;53(7):579. doi: 10.1007/s10038-008-0285-z. Epub 2008 Apr 15.


The BRIP1 gene encodes a helicase interacting with BRCA1, which contributes to BRCA1-associated DNA repair function. Germ-line BRIP1 mutations affecting the helicase domain activity have been identified in early onset breast cancer patients. In addition, BRIP1 was recently identified as deficient in Fanconi anemia (FA) complementation group J. Given the growing evidence now linking BRCA1, BRCA2, and the FA pathway, as well as the involvement of FA proteins (BRCA2/FANCD1 and PALB2/FANCN) in breast cancer susceptibility, we sought to evaluate the contribution of FANCJ gene alterations regarding breast cancer susceptibility among our cohort of 96 breast cancer individuals from high-risk non-BRCA1/2 French Canadian families. No deleterious mutation, exon deletion, or retention of intronic portions could be identified. However, extensive analysis of the promoter and whole exonic and flanking intronic regions of FANCJ led to the identification of 42 variants, including 22 novel variants not previously reported, four of which were located in the promoter region. Transcription factors analysis revealed a potential involvement of FANCJ promoter variants in regulation of FANCJ expression, and reporter gene assays were performed. The allelic frequency was assessed in a cohort of 73 unaffected French Canadian individuals, and haplotype analysis and tagging single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) identification were also performed. Although our study unlikely involves FANCJ as a high-risk predisposition gene in non-BRCA1/2 high-risk French Canadian families, the possible association of FANCJ missense variants with phenotypes associated with FA, such as childhood cancer, cannot be excluded.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Amino Acid Substitution / genetics
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • BRCA1 Protein / genetics
  • BRCA2 Protein / genetics
  • Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cell Line, Transformed
  • DNA Mutational Analysis*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group Proteins / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • RNA Helicases / genetics*


  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • BACH1 protein, human
  • BLID protein, human
  • BRCA1 Protein
  • BRCA1 protein, human
  • BRCA2 Protein
  • BRCA2 protein, human
  • Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group Proteins
  • BRIP1 protein, human
  • RNA Helicases