Extracapsular cataract extraction in Nepal. 2-year outcome

Arch Ophthalmol. 1991 Dec;109(12):1761-3. doi: 10.1001/archopht.1991.01080120145045.


We evaluated the 2-year outcome of extracapsular cataract surgery with posterior chamber intraocular lens insertion by a single fellowship-trained surgeon in Kathmandu, Nepal. Six hundred ten eyes were followed up for 2 years. Patients underwent manual irrigation and aspiration with the insertion of a modified J loop posterior chamber intraocular lens. Almost half of the patients had uncorrected visual acuities of 20/50 or better after surgery. Sight-threatening complications in seven eyes (1.2%) included retinal detachment, corneal decompensation, and endophthalmitis. Although this rate is comparable to that in developed countries, 21% of patients had posterior capsular opacification at follow-up. Extracapsular cataract surgery with intraocular lens insertion may be an alternative to intracapsular cataract surgery in developing nations, where aphakic spectacles are expensive, not easily obtainable, or difficult to replace.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cataract Extraction / adverse effects
  • Cataract Extraction / methods*
  • Developing Countries
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Lenses, Intraocular* / adverse effects
  • Middle Aged
  • Nepal
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Visual Acuity