Objectives: Glycoprotein (GP)VI is an attractive target for the development of new antithrombotic drugs. Its deficiency protects animals in several models of thrombosis, arterial stenosis and ischemia--reperfusion while inducing no major bleeding tendency. The Fab fragment of one anti-GPVI monoclonal antibody (9O12.2) inhibits all GPVI functions in vitro. The aim of this study was to determine the ex vivo effects of 9O12.2 Fab on hemostasis, coagulation and thrombosis in non-human primates.
Methods and results: Blood samples were collected from cynomolgus monkeys before and after (30, 90 and 150 min, 1 and 7 days) a bolus injection of 9O12.2 Fab (4 mg kg(-1)) or vehicle. Platelet counts and coagulation tests (prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time) were not modified following Fab injection. The PFA-100 closure time increased during the first hours and returned to initial values on day + 1. Platelet-bound Fab was detected from 30 min to 24 h after Fab injection without GPVI depletion at any time. Collagen-induced platelet aggregation was selectively and fully inhibited at 30 min. Thrombus formation on collagen in flowing whole blood (1500 s(-1)) was delayed and decreased, and collagen-induced or tissue factor-induced thrombin generation in platelet-rich plasma was profoundly inhibited.
Conclusion: The anti-GPVI 9O12.2 Fab inhibits thrombus formation ex vivo in non-human primates with a composite effect on platelet activation and thrombin generation in the absence of GPVI depletion.