The exstrophy-epispadias complex

Curr Urol Rep. 2008 Mar;9(2):158-64. doi: 10.1007/s11934-008-0028-x.


Patients with the exstrophy-epispadias complex are one of the most challenging groups encountered by pediatric urologists. They generally require surgery involving several reconstruction techniques, usually performed after the first week of life. Common problems in subsequent years include issues related to continence, sexual function, and the appearance of the lower abdomen and genitals. This article reviews major publications over the last few years related to managing patients with this rare, complex, congenital genitourinary anomaly.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bladder Exstrophy / complications*
  • Bladder Exstrophy / diagnosis
  • Bladder Exstrophy / physiopathology
  • Bladder Exstrophy / therapy*
  • Epispadias / complications*
  • Epispadias / diagnosis
  • Epispadias / physiopathology
  • Epispadias / therapy*
  • Fertility
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Osteotomy
  • Quality of Life
  • Surgery, Plastic
  • Syndrome
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Urinary Incontinence / drug therapy
  • Urinary Incontinence / etiology
  • Urinary Incontinence / surgery
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures