Purpose: In collaboration with deCODE Genetics Inc. we previously reported on the association between genetic variants on chromosome 8q24 and prostate cancer susceptibility. Several prior studies have examined the relationship between these 8q24 alleles and clinical tumor features. In this study we examine the differences in clinical and pathological tumor features between carriers and noncarriers of these 8q24 alleles in patients with prostate cancer.
Materials and methods: We genotyped 551 white men who underwent radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy for clinically localized prostate cancer at single institution between 2002 and 2005. Of these men 177 (32.1%) were carriers of the -8 allele of the microsatellite marker DG8S737, the A allele of the single nucleotide polymorphism rs1447295 and/or the A allele of the rs16901979 (a surrogate single nucleotide polymorphism of HapC) 8q24 alleles. We used statistical analyses to compare the distribution of clinical characteristics and pathological outcomes between carriers and noncarriers.
Results: The -8, A and HapC surrogate single nucleotide polymorphism alleles were present in 77 (14%), 128 (23%) and 61 (14%) patients with prostate cancer, respectively. Carriers of the -8 or multiple 8q24 alleles were significantly more likely to have a Gleason score of 7 or greater and lymph node metastases. Among men with a family history of prostate cancer, carriers of the -8 allele had a significantly greater risk of high grade disease (64% vs 39%, p = 0.04).
Conclusions: In our predominantly surgically treated population there was a significant association between 8q24 prostate cancer susceptibility alleles, particularly the -8 allele, and high grade disease. In men with a family history of prostate cancer the presence of 1 or more of these alleles also conferred a greater risk of some adverse pathological features.