Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is associated with tumour progression and increases the invasiveness of prostate carcinoma cells. Cell migration and invasion requires reorganisation of the actin cytoskeleton; processes mediated by the Rho family GTPases. p21 activated kinase 4 (PAK4), an effector of the Rho family protein Cdc42, is activated downstream of HGF. We report here the novel finding that in prostate cancer cells PAK4 binds to and phosphorylates LIM kinase 1 (LIMK1) in an HGF-dependent manner. We show for the first time that variations in the level of PAK4 expression change the level of cofilin phosphorylation in cells, a change we correlate with LIMK1 activity, cell morphology and migratory behaviour. We identify for the first time a direct and localised interaction between PAK4 and LIMK1 within cells using FRET: FLIM. Moreover we show here that HGF mediates this interaction which is concentrated in small foci at the cell periphery. PAK4 and LIMK1 act synergistically to increase cell migration speed, whilst a reduction in PAK4 expression decreases cell speed. It is well established that unphosphorylated (active) cofilin is a required to drive cell migration. Our results support a model whereby HGF-stimulated cell migration also requires a cofilin phosphorylation step that is mediated by PAK4.