Fracture behavior of dental composite resins

Biomed Mater Eng. 1991;1(1):45-57.


Fracture toughness (KIC), critical stress intensity factor, and bending strength of 3 types of commercially available dental composite resins (macrofilled, hybrid and microfilled type) were determined using three point bend specimens. Acoustic Emission (AE), which is the generation of elastic wave due to the release of energy from the localized sources in material, was also detected during the fracture toughness test. Fracture surfaces were examined by scanning electron microscope. The fracture toughness values, AE patterns, and the nature of fracture surface were analyzed to understand fracture behavior of dental composite resins and fracture mechanism for each dental composite resin are proposed.

MeSH terms

  • Acoustics
  • Acrylic Resins / chemistry
  • Acrylic Resins / classification
  • Acrylic Resins / standards*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Dental Materials / chemistry
  • Dental Materials / classification
  • Dental Materials / standards*
  • Elasticity
  • Fractures, Stress / etiology*
  • Materials Testing
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Tensile Strength


  • Acrylic Resins
  • Dental Materials