Fatal poisoning among American Indian, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white children in New Mexico, 1958 to 1982

Ethn Dis. 1991 Summer;1(3):257-62.


Childhood fatalities from unintentional poisoning are a substantial health problem in New Mexico, which ranks second in the nation in injury-related mortality rates. To determine the extent of poison-related mortality in children in this state, and to examine time trends and differences in mortality rates in New Mexico's American Indian, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white children aged 0 to 14 years, we analyzed vital records collected from 1958 to 1982. New Mexican children experienced higher mortality rates than US white children of similar age--approximately eight times higher for children under 5 years old. Of the three ethnic groups, American Indian children had the highest mortality rates from unintentional poisoning during the 25-year period. Children less than 5 years old were at the highest risk for poison-related fatalities among all three ethnic groups.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Cause of Death
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Death Certificates
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Hispanic or Latino / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American / statistics & numerical data*
  • Infant
  • New Mexico / epidemiology
  • Poisoning / ethnology
  • Poisoning / mortality*
  • Whites / statistics & numerical data*