Health status of diabetic Mexican Americans: results from the Hispanic HANES

Ethn Dis. Summer 1991;1(3):273-9.


We examined the physical, sociodemographic, and psychosocial health status of diabetic Mexican Americans aged 45 to 74 years using data from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Diabetic Mexican-American women had lower education levels and lower employment rates in comparison with nondiabetics. Glaucoma, retinopathy, and activity limitation were more prevalent in diabetic than in nondiabetic men and women. Diabetic women also had a higher prevalence of hypertension, kidney problems, and cataracts. No significant differences were found in depression levels between diabetic and nondiabetic Mexican Americans of either sex. Among diabetics, duration of diabetes was associated with increased prevalence of stroke and activity limitation. These findings on the health status of diabetic Mexican Americans furthers our understanding of the health service needs of this population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index
  • Comorbidity
  • Diabetes Complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology
  • Educational Status
  • Employment / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Health Surveys
  • Hispanic Americans*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health
  • Mexico / ethnology
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Southwestern United States / epidemiology