Prevalence of Giardia lamblia with or without diarrhea in South East, South East Asia and the Far East

Parasitol Res. 2008 Jul;103(2):239-51. doi: 10.1007/s00436-008-0968-6. Epub 2008 Apr 22.

Abstract

This article is a review of the latest information on the prevalence of G. lamblia in South Asia, South East Asia and Far East, characterizing the current endemic situation within these regions. Around 33 published papers from 2002-2007 were collected on G. lamblia. The included countries were Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Republic of Korea, and China. Only five published papers were discarded because data was extracted before 2002-2007 or they are not included within our regions, emphasizing more on G. lamblia in animals, or performed at extensive molecular level. The prevalence of G. lamblia varied markedly between studies illustrating higher levels in the urban than in the rural areas, more among poor communities, slightly higher in males than in females with age range of 2-5-year-old children, and among university students, old-aged people, HIV-positive patients, and gastric carcinoma patients. Though G. lamblia is not a life-threatening parasite, nevertheless, it is still considered as the most common water-borne diarrhea-causing disease. It is important to understand the etiology, frequency, and consequences of acute diarrhea in children. Routine surveillance such as bi-annual follow-up treatments, treating G. duodenalis cysts and other protozoa oocysts detected in ground water sources, and continuous health education are the most preventive measures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Animals
  • Asia, Southeastern / epidemiology
  • Asia, Western / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diarrhea / diagnosis
  • Diarrhea / epidemiology*
  • Diarrhea / parasitology
  • Far East / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Giardia lamblia / isolation & purification*
  • Giardiasis / diagnosis
  • Giardiasis / epidemiology*
  • Giardiasis / parasitology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Sex Distribution