Loss of tafazzin in yeast leads to increased oxidative stress during respiratory growth

Mol Microbiol. 2008 May;68(4):1061-72. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2008.06216.x.


The tafazzin (TAZ) gene is highly conserved from yeast to humans, and the yeast taz1 null mutant shows alterations in cardiolipin (CL) metabolism, mitochondrial dysfunction and stabilization of supercomplexes similar to those found in Barth syndrome, a human disorder resulting from loss of tafazzin. We have previously shown that the yeast tafazzin mutant taz1Delta, which cannot remodel CL, is ethanol-sensitive at elevated temperature. In the current report, we show that in response to ethanol, CL mutants taz1Delta as well as crd1Delta, which cannot synthesize CL, exhibited increased protein carbonylation, an indicator of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The increase in ROS is most likely not due to defective oxidant defence systems, as the CL mutants do not display sensitivity to paraquat, menadione or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Ethanol sensitivity and increased protein carbonylation in the taz1Delta mutant but not in crd1Delta can be rescued by supplementation with oleic acid, suggesting that oleoyl-CL and/or oleoyl-monolyso-CL enables growth of taz1Delta in ethanol by decreasing oxidative stress. Our findings of increased oxidative stress in the taz1Delta mutant during respiratory growth may have important implications for understanding the pathogenesis of Barth syndrome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acyltransferases / genetics*
  • Cardiolipins / genetics
  • Cardiolipins / metabolism
  • Ethanol / metabolism
  • Ethanol / pharmacology
  • Hot Temperature*
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / pharmacology
  • Oleic Acid / metabolism
  • Oleic Acid / pharmacology
  • Oxidative Stress / genetics*
  • Paraquat / pharmacology
  • Protein Carbonylation / genetics
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / growth & development*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics*
  • Vitamin K 3 / pharmacology


  • Cardiolipins
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Oleic Acid
  • Ethanol
  • Vitamin K 3
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Acyltransferases
  • Taz1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Paraquat