Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 437 (3), 165-9

Does COX2-dependent PGE2 Play a Role in Neuropathic Pain?

Affiliations
Review

Does COX2-dependent PGE2 Play a Role in Neuropathic Pain?

Weiya Ma et al. Neurosci Lett.

Abstract

Neuropathic pain (NeP) is a common chronic pain state with unmet medical needs. Due to poorly defined underlying mechanisms, current therapies for NeP are far from satisfactory. Mounting evidence suggests that long-term plasticity in pain signaling pathways underpins the pathogenesis of NeP. Inflammatory responses in injured nerves have been recognized as important events initially sensitizing nociceptive neurons and subsequently inducing long-term plasticity in the dorsal root ganglion. Inflammatory cells such as invading macrophages and Schwann cells produce a wide array of inflammatory mediators. Cyclooxygenase 2-dependent prostaglandin E2 (COX2/PGE2) is one of the important mediator abundantly produced in injured nerves and involved in the genesis of NeP. In this mini-review, we highlight possible novel mechanisms underlying the role of COX2/PGE2 in injured nerves in the genesis of NeP. Long lasting COX2/PGE2 in injured nerves may induce chronic effects on nociceptors to facilitate the synthesis of pain-related molecules by stimulating 'en passant' injured or spared axons. COX2/PGE2 may also induce chronic effects on local inflammatory cells in injured nerves to facilitate the synthesis of inflammatory mediators via autocrine and paracrine pathways. COX2/PGE2 in injured nerves and downstream PGE2 EP receptor signaling should be considered as therapeutic targets to more effectively treat chronic NeP.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 17 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback