Heel pain--plantar fasciitis: clinical practice guildelines linked to the international classification of function, disability, and health from the orthopaedic section of the American Physical Therapy Association

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2008 Apr;38(4):A1-A18. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2008.0302. Epub 2008 Mar 31.


The Heel Pain-Plantar Fasciitis Guidelines link the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) body structures (Ligaments and fascia of ankle and foot, and Neural structures of lower leg) and the ICF body functions (Pain in lower limb, and Radiating pain in a segment or region) with the World Health Organization's International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) health condition (Plantar fascia fibromatosis/Plantar fasciitis). The purpose of these practice guidelines is to describe evidence-based orthopaedic physical therapy clinical practice and provide recommendations for (1) examination and diagnostic classification based on body functions and body structures, activity limitations, and participation restrictions, (2) prognosis, (3) interventions provided by physical therapists, and (4) assessment of outcome for common musculoskeletal disorders.

MeSH terms

  • Disability Evaluation
  • Disabled Persons / classification*
  • Fasciitis, Plantar / diagnosis
  • Fasciitis, Plantar / physiopathology
  • Fasciitis, Plantar / rehabilitation*
  • Heel / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Orthopedics*
  • Pain / etiology*
  • Physical Therapy Specialty*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Societies, Medical / standards*