Resolving inflammation: dual anti-inflammatory and pro-resolution lipid mediators

Nat Rev Immunol. 2008 May;8(5):349-61. doi: 10.1038/nri2294.


Active resolution of acute inflammation is a previously unrecognized interface between innate and adaptive immunity. Once thought to be a passive process, the resolution of inflammation is now shown to involve active biochemical programmes that enable inflamed tissues to return to homeostasis. This Review presents new cellular and molecular mechanisms for the resolution of inflammation, revealing key roles for eicosanoids, such as lipoxins, and recently discovered families of endogenous chemical mediators, termed resolvins and protectins. These mediators have anti-inflammatory and pro-resolution properties, thereby protecting organs from collateral damage, stimulating the clearance of inflammatory debris and promoting mucosal antimicrobial defence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CD59 Antigens / physiology
  • Eicosanoids / physiology
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid / analogs & derivatives
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid / physiology
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Active
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Inflammation / immunology*
  • Inflammation Mediators / physiology
  • Lipoxins / physiology
  • Mucous Membrane / immunology
  • Mucous Membrane / microbiology
  • Signal Transduction


  • CD59 Antigens
  • Eicosanoids
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • Lipoxins
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid