AMPK phosphorylation of raptor mediates a metabolic checkpoint

Mol Cell. 2008 Apr 25;30(2):214-26. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2008.03.003.

Abstract

AMPK is a highly conserved sensor of cellular energy status that is activated under conditions of low intracellular ATP. AMPK responds to energy stress by suppressing cell growth and biosynthetic processes, in part through its inhibition of the rapamycin-sensitive mTOR (mTORC1) pathway. AMPK phosphorylation of the TSC2 tumor suppressor contributes to suppression of mTORC1; however, TSC2-deficient cells remain responsive to energy stress. Using a proteomic and bioinformatics approach, we sought to identify additional substrates of AMPK that mediate its effects on growth control. We report here that AMPK directly phosphorylates the mTOR binding partner raptor on two well-conserved serine residues, and this phosphorylation induces 14-3-3 binding to raptor. The phosphorylation of raptor by AMPK is required for the inhibition of mTORC1 and cell-cycle arrest induced by energy stress. These findings uncover a conserved effector of AMPK that mediates its role as a metabolic checkpoint coordinating cell growth with energy status.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Line
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Multienzyme Complexes / genetics
  • Multienzyme Complexes / metabolism*
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • Peptide Library
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proteomics
  • Regulatory-Associated Protein of mTOR
  • Serine / metabolism
  • Substrate Specificity
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Transcription Factors / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*

Substances

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • Peptide Library
  • Proteins
  • RPTOR protein, human
  • Regulatory-Associated Protein of mTOR
  • Transcription Factors
  • Serine
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases