Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry interpretation and reporting in children and adolescents: the 2007 ISCD Pediatric Official Positions

J Clin Densitom. 2008 Jan-Mar;11(1):43-58. doi: 10.1016/j.jocd.2007.12.005.


The International Society for Clinical Densitometry Official Positions on reporting of densitometry results in children represent an effort to consolidate opinions to assist healthcare providers determine which skeletal sites should be assessed, which adjustments should be made in these assessments, appropriate pediatric reference databases, and elements to include in a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) report. Skeletal sites recommended for assessment are the lumbar spine and total body less head, the latter being valuable as it provides information on soft tissue, as well as bone. Interpretation of DXA findings in children with growth or maturational delay requires special consideration; adjustments are required to prevent erroneous interpretation. Normative databases used as a reference should be based on a large sample of healthy children that characterizes the variability in bone measures relative to gender, age, and race/ethnicity, and should be specific for each manufacturer and model of densitometer and software. Pediatric DXA reports should provide relevant demographic and health information, technical details of the scan, Z-scores, and should not include T-scores. The rationale and evidence for development of the Official Positions are provided. Given the sparse data currently available in many of these areas, it is likely that these positions will change over time as new data become available.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Absorptiometry, Photon / standards*
  • Adolescent
  • Bone Density
  • Bone and Bones / diagnostic imaging*
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Societies, Medical