Lagged effects of active coping within the demand-control model: a three-wave panel study among Japanese employees

Int J Behav Med. 2008 Jan-Mar;15(1):44-53. doi: 10.1007/BF03003073.


Background: There have been few empirical studies to explain the individual differences in and the underlying mechanism behind the Job Demand-Control (DC) Model.

Purpose: This study examined the lagged effects of active coping on stress responses (i.e., psychological distress and physical complaints) in the context of the DC Model using three-wave panel survey data with intervals of one month.

Method: Participants were 193 employees working in a construction machinery company in Japan. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine whether or not the effectiveness of active coping would be facilitated by job control as a coping resource.

Results: The advantage of job control in combination with active coping became obvious after one month, which implies that job control has a delayed effect on coping effectiveness. However, the advantage disappeared after two months. These results suggest that the advantage of job control for active coping is limited in time.

Conclusion: Conceptualization of job control as a coping resource seems to be useful in explaining how the DC Model influences employees' health, where time plays an important role.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Decision Making
  • Employment / psychology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control*
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Psychological
  • Occupational Diseases / psychology*
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Social Support
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*
  • Time Factors
  • Workload / psychology*