Human Papillomavirus DNA Detected in Breast Milk

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2008 Jun;27(6):557-8. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e318169ef47.

Abstract

Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing of 223 breast milk samples 3 days postpartum was performed with polymerase chain reaction, hybridization, and sequencing. HPV-16-DNA was detected in 4.0% of the samples. HPV carriage in the breast milk was not correlated with mother's oral or cervical HPV-status or the demographic data. Oral HPV-infection of the spouse at month 6 and 12 postpartum was statistically significantly associated with HPV carriage in the breast milk.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Carrier State / epidemiology
  • Carrier State / virology*
  • Cervix Uteri / virology
  • DNA, Viral / isolation & purification*
  • Fathers
  • Female
  • Human papillomavirus 16 / genetics*
  • Human papillomavirus 16 / isolation & purification
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Milk, Human / virology*
  • Mothers
  • Mouth / virology
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Prevalence
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA

Substances

  • DNA, Viral