We evaluated whether V-5 Immunitor (V5)--tableted therapeutic bivalent vaccine comprising heat-inactivated HCV antigens from pooled blood of HBV- and HCV-infected donors - may produce clinical benefit through induction of oral tolerance and reduction of immune-mediated liver injury. Once daily dose of V5 was administered per os to 10 patients with chronic hepatitis C in an open-label study that lasted 1 month. Every patient who entered the study had elevated liver enzyme levels, which at the end of study have decreased in 100% of analyzed patients. The reduction was highly significant, from 157.7+/-73.4 to 49.9+/-43.8 U/L (P=0.0013) and 147.0+/-79.2 to 58.7+/-56.6 U/L (P=0.0132), for ALT and AST, respectively. The AST/ALT ratio has improved from 0.93 to 1.18 (P=0.00058) indicating the reversion of progression to cirrhosis. None of intent-to-treat patients who were anti-HCV antibody positive at study entry, became negative after 1 month on V5 (P=0.998). All patients, except one, reported complete recuperation from hepatitis C-associated clinical symptoms present at baseline (P=0.0016) with Mantel Haenszel's odds ratio 9.4 (P=0.0021) at 95% confidence interval: 2.7<OR<476.3. No adverse events were observed at any time. The favorable biochemical and clinical responses have been observed in a small number of individuals for a limited time period. Larger scale and longer studies are needed to confirm our preliminary observations suggesting that V5 is safe and effective means for immunotherapy of chronic hepatitis C.