"Did you have a nice evening?" A day-level study on recovery experiences, sleep, and affect

J Appl Psychol. 2008 May;93(3):674-84. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.93.3.674.


In this study, the authors used a within-person design to examine the relation between recovery experiences (psychological detachment, relaxation, mastery experiences) during leisure time, sleep, and affect in the next morning. Daily survey data gathered over the course of 1 work week from 166 public administration employees analyzed with a hierarchical linear modeling approach showed that low psychological detachment from work during the evening predicted negative activation and fatigue, whereas mastery experiences during the evening predicted positive activation and relaxation predicted serenity. Sleep quality showed relations with all affective states variables. This study adds to research on job-stress recovery and affect regulation by showing which specific experiences from the nonwork domain may improve affect before the start of the next working day.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Affect*
  • Convalescence*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychology / methods*
  • Relaxation
  • Sleep*