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, 204 (8), 527-36

Cyclooxygenase-2 Expression and Its Association With Angiogenesis, Helicobacter Pylori, and Clinicopathologic Characteristics of Gastric Carcinoma

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Cyclooxygenase-2 Expression and Its Association With Angiogenesis, Helicobacter Pylori, and Clinicopathologic Characteristics of Gastric Carcinoma

Deniz Yamac et al. Pathol Res Pract.

Abstract

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is upregulated in gastric carcinoma, and its increased levels were found to have a prognostic significance in some studies. Both angiogenesis and Helicobacter pylori infection have been reported to be associated with COX-2 expression of gastric cancer in recent studies. In this study, COX-2 expression and its association with CD31 staining, H.-pylori infection, and well-known clinicopathological factors were investigated in 65 gastric cancer patients. COX-2 and CD31 expression assessment was done by immunohistochemical methods. Whartin Starry stain was performed for H.-pylori infection. Of 65 patients, 32 (49%) revealed intense COX-2 immunostaining. Among various clinicopathologic characteristics, COX-2 expression was inversely correlated with tumor size, TNM stage, and lymph node status. Thirty-two (49%) patients revealed intense CD31 immunostaining. Among various clinicopathologic characteristics, CD31 expression was associated only with lymph node metastasis. COX-2 expression was not correlated with CD31 staining and H.-pylori infection. Both COX-2 and CD31 staining had no prognostic significance. In conclusion, we found that COX-2 expression was significantly higher in earlier stages of gastric cancer. It can be suggested that COX-2 expression may be important in the initial development of gastric cancer but not in progression of the disease. Other factors which may be associated with COX-2 in gastric cancer, including angiogenesis and H.-pylori infection, should be investigated in further studies.

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