Dermoid tumour of the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus

J Clin Neurosci. 2008 Jul;15(7):820-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2006.08.018. Epub 2008 May 6.


Congenital intracranial dermoid tumors are very rare. Supratentorial dermoid cysts have been more frequently reported over the past decade and they are known to have a predilection for the cavernous sinus. Dermoid tumors originating from the cavernous sinus are usually interdural and thus, presentation with ophthalmoplegia is uncommon. They are congenital benign tumors and are believed to originate from ectopic inclusion of epithelial cells during closure of the neural tube during embryonic development. The location of these dermoid lesions in the cavernous sinus and the complexity of the operative procedure for these lesions have been noted by several authors. In this report, we describe the case of a dermoid cyst that was embedded in the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus and review the literature relating to related cavernous dermoid lesions.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Brain Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Brain Neoplasms / surgery
  • Cavernous Sinus / pathology*
  • Cavernous Sinus / physiopathology
  • Cavernous Sinus / surgery
  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis / etiology*
  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis / pathology*
  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis / surgery
  • Cranial Fossa, Middle / pathology
  • Cranial Fossa, Middle / surgery
  • Dermoid Cyst / pathology*
  • Dermoid Cyst / physiopathology
  • Dermoid Cyst / surgery
  • Dura Mater / pathology
  • Dura Mater / surgery
  • Female
  • Headache / etiology
  • Headache / pathology
  • Headache / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neurosurgical Procedures
  • Oculomotor Nerve Diseases / etiology
  • Oculomotor Nerve Diseases / pathology
  • Oculomotor Nerve Diseases / physiopathology
  • Treatment Outcome