Large-scale phosphorylation mapping reveals the extent of tyrosine phosphorylation in Arabidopsis

Mol Syst Biol. 2008;4:193. doi: 10.1038/msb.2008.32. Epub 2008 May 6.

Abstract

Protein phosphorylation regulates a wide range of cellular processes. Here, we report the proteome-wide mapping of in vivo phosphorylation sites in Arabidopsis by using complementary phosphopeptide enrichment techniques coupled with high-accuracy mass spectrometry. Using unfractionated whole cell lysates of Arabidopsis, we identified 2597 phosphopeptides with 2172 high-confidence, unique phosphorylation sites from 1346 proteins. The distribution of phosphoserine, phosphothreonine, and phosphotyrosine sites was 85.0, 10.7, and 4.3%. Although typical tyrosine-specific protein kinases are absent in Arabidopsis, the proportion of phosphotyrosines among the phospho-residues in Arabidopsis is similar to that in humans, where over 90 tyrosine-specific protein kinases have been identified. In addition, the tyrosine phosphoproteome shows features distinct from those of the serine and threonine phosphoproteomes. Taken together, we highlight the extent and contribution of tyrosine phosphorylation in plants.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Arabidopsis / chemistry
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism*
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Phosphoproteins / chemistry
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphoserine / analysis
  • Phosphothreonine / analysis
  • Phosphotyrosine / analysis*
  • Phosphotyrosine / chemistry
  • Plant Proteins / chemistry
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Proteome / analysis
  • Proteome / chemistry
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid

Substances

  • Phosphoproteins
  • Plant Proteins
  • Proteome
  • Phosphothreonine
  • Phosphoserine
  • Phosphotyrosine