State of the art in trueness and interlaboratory harmonization for 10 analytes in general clinical chemistry

Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2008 May;132(5):838-46. doi: 10.1043/1543-2165(2008)132[838:SOTAIT]2.0.CO;2.

Abstract

Context: Harmonization and standardization of results among different clinical laboratories is necessary for clinical practice guidelines to be established.

Objective: To evaluate the state of the art in measuring 10 routine chemistry analytes.

Design: A specimen prepared as off-the-clot pooled sera and 4 conventionally prepared specimens were sent to participants in the College of American Pathologists Chemistry Survey. Analyte concentrations were assigned by reference measurement procedures.

Participants: Approximately 6000 clinical laboratories.

Results: For glucose, iron, potassium, and uric acid, more than 87.5% of peer groups meet the desirable bias goals based on biologic variability criteria. The remaining 6 analytes had less than 52% of peer groups that met the desirable bias criteria.

Conclusions: Routine measurement procedures for some analytes had acceptable traceability to reference systems. Conventionally prepared proficiency testing specimens were not adequately commutable with a fresh frozen specimen to be used to evaluate trueness of methods compared with a reference measurement procedure.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Chemical Analysis / standards*
  • Blood Chemical Analysis / statistics & numerical data
  • Chemistry, Clinical / standards*
  • Chemistry, Clinical / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Laboratories / standards*
  • Laboratories / statistics & numerical data
  • Pathology, Clinical / standards*
  • Pathology, Clinical / statistics & numerical data
  • Quality Control
  • Reference Values
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • United States