KATTS: a framework for maximizing NCLEX-RN performance

J Nurs Educ. 2008 Apr;47(4):183-6. doi: 10.3928/01484834-20080401-04.


A key indicator of the quality of a nursing education program is the performance of its graduates as first-time takers of the NCLEX-RN. As a result, nursing schools are open to strategies that strengthen the performance of their graduates on the examination. The Knowledge base, Anxiety control, Test-Taking Skills (KATTS) framework focuses on the three components of achieving a maximum score on an examination. In KATTS, all three components must be present and in proper balance to maximize a test taker's score. By strengthening not just one but all of these components, graduates can improve their overall test scores significantly. Suggested strategies for strengthening each component of KATTS are provided. This framework has been used successfully in designing remedial tutoring programs and in assisting first-time NCLEX test takers in preparing for the licensing examination.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Anxiety / prevention & control
  • Anxiety / psychology
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate* / standards
  • Educational Measurement / methods*
  • Educational Measurement / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Licensure, Nursing*
  • Models, Educational*
  • Models, Nursing
  • Models, Psychological
  • Nursing Education Research
  • Professional Competence
  • Program Evaluation
  • Psychology, Educational
  • Relaxation Therapy
  • Remedial Teaching / methods*
  • Students, Nursing / psychology*