Health-related factors associated with the healthcare costs of office workers

J Occup Environ Med. 2008 May;50(5):593-601. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318162f5ad.


Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the relative importance of factors associated with total health care costs (THC) among office workers.

Methods: Biometric and anthropometric values, health-related survey responses, and THC for 214 employees were analyzed. Factors that had a statistically significant (P < 0.05) bivariate correlation with logarithmically transformed THC data were entered into multiple regression analysis.

Results: Age, gender, and SF-36 physical component summary score were identified as THC predictors (F3210 = 20.78, P < 0.001, Radj = 0.218). With physical component summary score excluded, age, gender, and exercise level collectively accounted for an almost identical amount of variance (F3210 = 19.64, P < 0.001, Radj = 0.212). Factorial ANOVA identified a significant interaction between age category and exercise level (F3198 = 3.04, P = 0.030).

Conclusions: Inactivity was the only modifiable factor found to be predictive of THC, which appears to have an increasing effect with advancing age.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Anthropometry
  • Chronic Disease
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Health Benefit Plans, Employee
  • Health Care Costs*
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Metabolic Syndrome / economics
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / economics*
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Occupations / statistics & numerical data*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Transportation
  • United States