Metabolic syndrome risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes in the ARIC study

Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 May;32 Suppl 2(Suppl 2):S21-4. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2008.31.


Objective: The metabolic syndrome is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Several analyses from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study have been performed to examine the role of the metabolic syndrome and its components in predicting risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

Design and subjects: The large, biracial, population-based ARIC study enrolled 15792 middle-aged Americans in four communities in the United States and has followed them for the development of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

Measurements: Outcome parameters included prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its individual components, carotid intima-media thickness, incident coronary heart disease, incident ischemic stroke and incident diabetes.

Results and conclusion: Several analyses from the ARIC study have shown that the metabolic syndrome, as well as individual metabolic syndrome components, is predictive of the prevalence and incidence of coronary heart disease, ischemic stroke, carotid artery disease and diabetes.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / etiology*
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / complications*
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Stroke / epidemiology
  • Stroke / etiology
  • United States / epidemiology