Comparison and integration of four barley genetic maps

Genome. 1996 Apr;39(2):379-94. doi: 10.1139/g96-049.

Abstract

Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is one of the most extensively studied food crops in recent molecular research. More than 1000 molecular markers have been located on the barley genome by using five independent populations. For the present study, four segregation data sets, 'Proctor' x 'Nudinka', 'Igri' x 'Franka', 'Steptoe' x 'Morex', and 'Harrington' x TR306, were downloaded from the publicly available GrainGenes databank. Since 22% of the markers are common to at least two of the independent data sets, we were able to establish an integrated map using the computer package JOINMAP v2.0. The integrated map contains 898 markers, covers 1060 cM, and removes many large gaps present in the individual maps. Comparison of the integrated map with the individual maps revealed that the overall linear order of markers is in good agreement and that the integrated map is consistent with the component maps. No significant reordering of markers was found. This conservative property of the barley genome makes the integrated map reliable and successful. Except for chromosome 7 (5H), marker clustering was observed in the centromeric regions, probably owing to the centromeric suppression of recombination. Based on this integrated map, geneticists and breeders can choose their favourite markers in any region of interest of the barley genome. Key words : Hordeum vulgare, RFLP, integrated map.