Comparison off genetic distance and order off DNA markers in five populations of rice

Genome. 1996 Oct;39(5):946-56. doi: 10.1139/g96-119.


A group of about 300 evenly distributed DNA markers from a high density RFLP linkage map of rice constructed using an F2 population derived from a japonica variety, Nipponbare, and an indica variety, Kasalath, were used to evaluate gene order and genetic distance in four other rice mapping populations. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which information gained from the high density linkage map could be applied to other mapping populations, particularly with regard to its utility in bridging quantitative traits and molecular and physical mapping information. The mapping populations consisted of two F2 populations derived from Dao Ren Qiao/Fl-1084 and Kinandangputi/Fl-1007, recombinant inbred lines from Asominori/IR24, and a backcross population from Sasanishiki/Habataki//Sasanishiki. All DNA markers commonly mapped in the four populations showed the same linkage groups as in the Nipponbare/Kasalath linkage map with conserved linkage order. The genetic distance between markers among the different populations did not vary to a significant level in any of the 12 chromosomes. The differences in some markers could be attributed to the size of the population used in the construction of the linkage maps. Furthermore, the conservation of linkage order found in the distal region of chromosomes 11 and 12 was also confirmed in the RFLP maps based on the four populations of rice. These suggest that any major genetic information from the Nipponbare/Kasalath map can be expected to be approximately the same in other crosses or populations. This high density RFLP linkage map, which is being utilized in constructing a physical map of rice, can be very useful in interpreting genome structure with great accuracy in other populations. Key words : linkage map, japonica, indica, gene order, genetic distance.