Cytological mechanisms of 2n pollen formation were investigated in microsporogenesis and sporad development in 2x, 4x, and 6x taxa of tuber-bearing Solanum species that were originally collected from Mexico, and Central and South America. Parallel spindles and tripoles were seen at anaphase II in the majority of genotypes observed. The occurrence of parallel spindles and tripoles were well correlated with the occurrence of dyads and triads at the sporad stage. Further, the frequency of 2n pollen predicted by frequencies of parallel spindles and tripoles and by frequencies of dyads and triads were also well correlated with observed 2n pollen frequencies. Premature cytokinesis at telophase I to prophase II was seen only in 2x and 4x species from series Conicibaccata. The frequency of premature cytokinesis corresponded well with the frequency of dyads leading to 2n pollen formation. It was concluded that the major mechanisms of 2n pollen formation in tuber-bearing Solanum species is parallel spindles.