Recombination of alleles conferring specific resistance to powdery mildew at the Mla locus in barley

Genome. 1994 Jun;37(3):460-8. doi: 10.1139/g94-064.


In barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), the Mla locus conditions reaction to the powdery mildew fungus Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei. Enrichment for genetic recombinants in the Mla region is possible by screening for recombination events between the flanking endosperm storage proteins hordeins C and B. Reciprocal crosses were made between the Franger (C.I. 16151) and Rupee (C.I. 16155) lines carrying the (Mla6 + Mla14) and Mla13 alleles, respectively. Recombinants were identified from F2 segregants by analyzing the extracted hordein polypeptides by sodium dodecyl sulphate - polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Two hundred and seventy-six recombinant gametes were identified from the 1800 seeds that were screened. Recombination of Mla alleles was analyzed by inoculating F4 recombinant lines with three isolates of E. graminis (A27, 5874, and CR3), which recognize specific Mla alleles. The linkage order established is Hor1-Mla6-Mla13-Mla14-Hor2. The genetic distances between Hor1-Mla6, Mla6-Mla13, and Mla13-Hor2, obtained using Mapmaker 3.0b F3 intercross analysis, are 3.9, 0.2, and 5.2 cM, respectively.