Genome conservation among three legume genera detected with DNA markers

Genome. 1995 Oct;38(5):928-37. doi: 10.1139/g95-122.


A set of 219 DNA clones derived from mungbean (Vigna radiata), cowpea (V. unguiculata), common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), and soybean (Glycine max) were used to generate comparative linkage maps among mungbean, common bean, and soybean. The maps allowed an assessment of linkage conservation and collinearity among the three genomes. Mungbean and common bean, both of the subtribe Phaseolinae, exhibited a high degree of linkage conservation and preservation of marker order. Most linkage groups of mungbean consisted of only one or two linkage blocks from common bean (and vice versa). The situation was significantly different with soybean, a member of the subtribe Glycininae. Mungbean and common bean linkage groups were generally mosaics of short soybean linkage blocks, each only a few centimorgans in length. These results suggest that it would be fruitful to join maps of mungbean and common bean, while knowledge of conserved genomic blocks would be useful in increasing marker density in specific genomic regions for all three genera. These comparative maps may also contribute to enhanced understanding of legume evolution.