Combined histological and mycological study of tissue specimens established a proven diagnosis of cutaneous zygomycosis in four patients. All patients had been treated with wide spectrum antibiotics and one patient (liver transplantation) was in addition also treated with cyclosporine. All had acidosis and cutaneous breaks and four had also been treated with systemic corticosteroids. The infecting organisms were Absidia corymbifera (n=2), Rhizopus stolonifer (n=1) and Mucor circinelloides (n=1). Combined treatment with i.v. conventional and liposomal formulations of amphotericin B and surgical treatment lead to a favourable clinical and mycological cure in three patients (A. corymbifera and R. stolonifer infections). One lymphoma patient with suspected Rhizopus pusillus infection of the lungs (presence of hyphae in sputum and positive culture) had an unfavourable outcome. The patient had been treated with wide spectrum antibiotics, corticosteroids and showed severe neutropenia and acidosis. The clinical presentations are outlined, including the outcomes and predisposing factors and focus on the diagnostic procedures, treatment and preventive measures.