Physical restraint administered to C57BL/6 mice significantly altered the inflammatory response to influenza virus infection and depressed anti-viral cellular immunity. Restraint-stressed animals showed a pattern of reduced mononuclear cell infiltration and lung consolidation which coincided with elevated plasma corticosterone levels. Furthermore, cellular immunity to virus was significantly depressed; interleukin-2 secretion was reduced by 96% and 59% in the mediastinal lymph nodes and spleens, respectively, as compared to a non-restrained group. However, the magnitude of the humoral immune response to influenza virus was unaffected by restraint stress. Anti-viral IgG antibody levels in restrained/infected mice did not differ when compared to a non-restrained/infected control group 14 days post-infection.