Cell surface, heparin-like molecules are required for binding of basic fibroblast growth factor to its high affinity receptor

Cell. 1991 Feb 22;64(4):841-8. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(91)90512-w.


The role of low affinity, heparin-like binding sites for basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was investigated in CHO cells mutant in their metabolism of glycosaminoglycans. Heparan sulfate-deficient mutants transfected to express a cloned mouse FGF receptor cDNA are not able to bind bFGF. It is demonstrated that free heparin and heparan sulfate can reconstitute a low affinity receptor that is, in turn, required for the high affinity binding of bFGF. These studies suggest that the low affinity receptor is an accessory molecule required for binding of bFGF to the high affinity site. Such an obligatory interaction of low and high affinity FGF receptors suggests a physiological role for heparin-like, low affinity receptors and constitutes a novel mechanism for the regulation of growth factor-receptor interactions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycans / metabolism*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cricetinae
  • Cricetulus
  • Female
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / metabolism*
  • Glycosaminoglycans / pharmacology
  • Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans
  • Heparin / pharmacology*
  • Heparitin Sulfate / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Mice
  • Models, Biological
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Ovary
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Transfection


  • Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycans
  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
  • Heparin
  • Heparitin Sulfate