Modification of gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptor binding and function by N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline in vitro and in vivo: effects of aging

J Neurochem. 1991 Apr;56(4):1241-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1991.tb11417.x.


The irreversible protein-modifying reagent N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) was used to investigate binding site characteristics on the gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptor complex. In vitro, preincubation with EEDQ led to a concentration-dependent decrease in receptor number for benzodiazepine, t-butylbicyclophosphorothionate (TBPS), and GABA binding sites in cerebral cortex. The effect was maximal at the highest concentration of EEDQ used (10(-4) M) and was greatest for the benzodiazepine site. Pretreatment of membranes with the benzodiazepine antagonist Ro 15-1788, 1 or 10 microM, or the agonist lorazepam, 10 microM, largely prevented the effects of EEDQ. Scatchard analysis indicated no effect of EEDQ, 10(-4) M, on apparent affinity, but a decrease in receptor density for each site. Administration of EEDQ to mice, 12.5 mg/kg i.p., led to a substantial (55-65%) decrease in number of benzodiazepine binding sites in cortex after 4 h. Slightly smaller changes were observed for TBPS and GABA binding. No changes were observed in apparent affinity at any site. Prior administration of Ro 15-1788, 5 mg/kg, prevented the effect of EEDQ on benzodiazepine binding. Density of benzodiazepine binding sites gradually recovered over time, and receptor density returned to control values by 96 h after EEDQ injection. Number of binding sites in cortex for TBPS and GABA also increased over time after EEDQ. Benzodiazepine sites in cerebellum were decreased proportionally to cortex after EEDQ, and increased over a similar time course. Function of the GABAA receptor in chloride uptake in cortex was markedly reduced (65%) by EEDQ.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aging / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Benzodiazepines / metabolism
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds / metabolism
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic*
  • Cerebellum / metabolism
  • Cerebral Cortex / metabolism
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Flumazenil / pharmacology
  • Kinetics
  • Lorazepam / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Quinolines / pharmacology*
  • Receptors, GABA-A / drug effects
  • Receptors, GABA-A / metabolism*
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / metabolism


  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic
  • Quinolines
  • Receptors, GABA-A
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Flumazenil
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
  • EEDQ
  • tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate
  • Lorazepam