Hospital contacts due to injuries among male drivers working for road goods-transport contractors in Denmark

Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2008;21(1):59-66. doi: 10.2478/v10001-008-0005-0.

Abstract

Objectives: To establish a detailed picture of injury pattern among professional goods-transport drivers in Denmark.

Methods: For each calendar year over the period of 1995-2003, the age-standardized hospital contact ratios (SHRs) for injury were calculated for male drivers working for road goods-transport contractors in Denmark. The reference population was the male skilled/semiskilled subpopulation of the general workforce in Denmark.

Results: No differences in the rate of injury-related hospital contact could be found between male goods-transport drivers and the reference population between 1995 and 1999. However, in the following period of 2000-2003, elevated rates of injury-related hospital contact were noted among goods-transport drivers, compared with the reference population. Furthermore, the injury-related SHR of goods-transport drivers showed a significant increase throughout the period of 1995-2003. Injuries to ankles/feet/toes were prominent among goods-transport drivers. Compared with the reference population, male goods-transport drivers had elevated rates of superficial injuries, dislocations/sprains/strains, fractures, and concussion. The superficial injuries were sustained most frequently in the ankles/feet/toes, open wounds in head/neck, dislocations/sprains/strains in ankles/feet/toes, and fractures in wrists/hands/fingers and ankles/feet/toes.

Conclusion: There is a clear need for efforts to prevent work injuries among goods-transport drivers. Special attention should be paid to preventing fractures in wrists/hands/fingers and ankles/feet/toes, dislocations/sprains/strains in ankles/feet/toes, open wounds in head/neck, and concussion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Databases as Topic
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Exposure*
  • Transportation*
  • Wounds and Injuries / classification
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / physiopathology