Dietary resveratrol administration increases MnSOD expression and activity in mouse brain

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Jul 18;372(1):254-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.05.028. Epub 2008 May 16.


trans-Resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene; RES) is of interest for its reported protective effects in a variety of pathologies, including neurodegeneration. Many of these protective properties have been attributed to the ability of RES to reduce oxidative stress. In vitro studies have shown an increase in antioxidant enzyme activities following exposure to RES, including upregulation of mitochondrial superoxide dismutase, an enzyme that is capable of reducing both oxidative stress and cell death. We sought to determine if a similar increase in endogenous antioxidant enzymes is observed with RES treatment in vivo. Three separate modes of RES delivery were utilized; in a standard diet, a high fat diet and through a subcutaneous osmotic minipump. RES given in a high fat diet proved to be effective in elevating antioxidant capacity in brain resulting in an increase in both MnSOD protein level (140%) and activity (75%). The increase in MnSOD was not due to a substantial proliferation of mitochondria, as RES treatment induced a 10% increase in mitochondrial abundance (Citrate Synthase activity). The potential neuroprotective properties of MnSOD have been well established, and we demonstrate that a dietary delivery of RES is able to increase the expression and activity of this enzyme in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / administration & dosage*
  • Brain / drug effects*
  • Brain / enzymology
  • Catalase / analysis
  • Citrate (si)-Synthase / analysis
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / analysis
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mitochondria / drug effects
  • Myocardium / enzymology
  • Resveratrol
  • Stilbenes / administration & dosage*
  • Superoxide Dismutase / analysis
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism*


  • Antioxidants
  • Dietary Fats
  • Stilbenes
  • Catalase
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Citrate (si)-Synthase
  • Resveratrol