Chronic kidney disease and its complications

Prim Care. 2008 Jun;35(2):329-44, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2008.01.008.


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a complex disease affecting more than 20 million individuals in the United States. Progression of CKD is associated with a number of serious complications, including increased incidence of cardiovascular disease, hyperlipidemia, anemia, and metabolic bone disease. CKD patients should be assessed for the presence of these complications and receive optimal treatment to reduce their morbidity and mortality. A multidisciplinary approach is required to accomplish this goal.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anemia / diagnosis
  • Anemia / etiology*
  • Bone Diseases / diagnosis
  • Bone Diseases / etiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Dyslipidemias
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / classification
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
  • Metabolic Diseases / diagnosis
  • Metabolic Diseases / etiology*
  • Risk Factors