Gauzoma mimicking siliconoma after breast augmentation surgery

Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2008 Jul;32(4):692-4. doi: 10.1007/s00266-008-9174-2. Epub 2008 May 21.


Gauzoma is a rare iatrogenic mass caused by the retention of gauze fibers during surgery. This intraoperative complication represents a diagnostic problem for radiologists besides being a medicolegal problem for surgeons. We present a patient in whom a retained surgical sponge after breast augmentation surgery mimicked a siliconoma and discuss imaging appearance and differential diagnosis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Breast Implants / adverse effects*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Foreign-Body Reaction / diagnosis*
  • Foreign-Body Reaction / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Mammaplasty
  • Prosthesis Failure*
  • Silicones*
  • Surgical Sponges*
  • Ultrasonography


  • Silicones