Congenital microgastria and primary ciliary dyskinesia in a newborn with DiGeorge syndrome and 22q11.2 deletion

Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Jun;18(3):195-7. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1038503.


Background: Congenital microgastria is an uncommon result of impairment of normal foregut development and rotation during early embryology. Only about 50 cases have been reported in the literature, mostly associated with other multiple congenital anomalies.

Case report: The case of a female newborn with multiple abnormalities, including cardiovascular malformation (type I truncus arteriosus communis) with deletion of chromosome 22q11.2, severe immunodeficiency (DiGeorge syndrome), microgastria, and impaired mucociliary function (primary ciliary dyskinesia) is reported.

Conclusions: An association between the deletion of chromosome 22q11.2, microgastria, and impaired mucociliary function has never been observed before. A casual association seems highly unlikely and we can not exclude the possibility of genetic mechanisms that may link those syndromes.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22
  • DiGeorge Syndrome / complications
  • DiGeorge Syndrome / genetics*
  • Digestive System Abnormalities / complications
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Kartagener Syndrome / complications
  • Stomach / abnormalities*