Blood pressure in childhood: pooled findings of six European studies

J Hypertens. 1991 Feb;9(2):109-14. doi: 10.1097/00004872-199102000-00002.


In an attempt to study and prevent the development of hypertension, there is a growing interest in measuring blood pressure in children. The aim of this is to detect and monitor those with a relatively high level of blood pressure. Until now, reference values on blood pressure in children are based on data from North-American youngsters. The present study provides percentile charts based on pooled data from studies on blood pressure conducted in six North-West European countries among 28,043 children. These blood pressure centiles are presented as age-, height- and gender-specific. Brief guidelines for blood pressure measurements in childhood and for detection of children with a relatively high blood pressure are included.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Blood Pressure Determination / standards
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Female
  • France / epidemiology
  • Germany, West / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Hypertension / prevention & control
  • Male
  • Netherlands / epidemiology
  • Reference Values