Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of erlotinib in advanced breast cancer. Experimental design Multicenter, phase II study of erlotinib (150 mg orally daily). Cohort 1: progression after anthracyclines, taxanes, and capecitabine (n = 47). Cohort 2: progression after >1 chemotherapy for advanced-stage disease (n = 22). Primary endpoint was response rate (World Health Organization criteria). Secondary endpoints were safety, time to progression, and survival.
Results: One patient in each cohort (n = 2, 3.0%) had a partial response. Response duration was 17 weeks for the Cohort 1 patient and 32 weeks for the Cohort 2 patient. Median time to progression was 43 days for Cohort 1 (range 1-204) and 43 days for Cohort 2 (range 25-419). Common adverse events were diarrhea, rash, dry skin, asthenia, nausea, anorexia.
Conclusion: Erlotinib had minimal activity in unselected previously treated women with advanced breast cancer. Predictive factors are needed to identify breast cancer patients who may derive benefit from erlotinib treatment.