Moyamoya angiopathy in Europe: the beginnings in Zurich, practical lessons learned, increasing awareness and future perspectives

Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2008;103:127-30. doi: 10.1007/978-3-211-76589-0_23.


The number of patients, especially children, diagnosed with Moyamoya angiopathy and being referred to us for treatment from all across Europe, has increased over the last few years. An increase in awareness of the occurrence of stroke in children in the general and medical population might be the main cause of this phenomenon. Increasing awareness does not happen "spontaneously" nor does it manifest overnight! It requires regular platforms of communication between the general population and amongst the different medical specialists mainly neurologists, paediatric neurologists, neuropsychologists, neuroradiologists, neurorehabilitation specialists, nursing staff and neurosurgeons. Presently we were lucky to conduct the first Moyamoya Symposium ever to be conducted at a European-Japanese level with participation of specialists of this particular field from across Europe and Japan. Ever since the first child with Moyamoya was managed at the University hospital in Zurich some 7 years ago the number of patients referred to us from all across Europe increased rapidly. The importance of interdisciplinary communication, trust and support amongst specialists and increasing the awareness of the disease among the patients, medical personnel was and remains to be just as important as making the correct diagnosis and treatment of choice in these patients. We present the lessons we learned during these previous years and look into the future perspectives that require our further and urgent attention.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Angiography / methods*
  • Cerebral Angiography / trends*
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Moyamoya Disease / epidemiology
  • Moyamoya Disease / pathology*
  • Physician-Patient Relations*
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'