Mechanisms of neuregulin action

Novartis Found Symp. 2008;289:74-84; discussion 84-93. doi: 10.1002/9780470751251.ch6.

Abstract

Neuregulin 1 (Nrg1) and ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase signalling is essential for the formation and proper functioning of multiple organ systems and inappropriate Nrgl/ErbB signalling severely compromises health, contributing to such diverse pathologies as cancer and neuropsychiatric disorders. Numerous genetic modelling studies in mice demonstrate that Nrg1 signalling is important in the development of normal neuronal connectivity. Recent studies have identified novel signalling mechanisms and revealed unexpected roles of Nrg1 isoforms in both the developing and adult nervous system. Of particular interest to this discussion are findings linking deficits in Nrg1-ErbB4 signalling to perturbations of synaptic transmission, myelination, and the survival of particular sets of neurons and glia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / physiology
  • Brain / physiopathology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • ErbB Receptors / physiology
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genetic Variation
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Myelin Sheath / physiology
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / physiology*
  • Neuregulin-1
  • Neuroglia / physiology*
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Receptor, ErbB-4
  • Schizophrenia / genetics
  • Schizophrenia / pathology
  • Schizophrenia / physiopathology
  • Signal Transduction
  • Synaptic Transmission / physiology

Substances

  • NRG1 protein, human
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Neuregulin-1
  • ERBB4 protein, human
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Erbb4 protein, mouse
  • Receptor, ErbB-4