Calcitonin gene-related peptide (hCGRP alpha) binding sites in the nucleus accumbens. Atypical structural requirements and marked phylogenic differences

Brain Res. 1991 Jan 18;539(1):59-66. doi: 10.1016/0006-8993(91)90686-p.

Abstract

The distribution of [125I]hCGRP alpha binding sites was studied in tissue sections from rat brain and, at the level of the nucleus accumbens in the brains of 6 other species. In the rat, very high levels of binding were found in the nucleus accumbens, the amygdaloid complex and mammillary body while high amounts were localized to the superficial layers of the superior colliculus, temporal cortex, cerebellum (molecular layer), frontal cortex and inferior olive. Moderate densities of [125I]hCGRP alpha binding were observed in the medial geniculate nucleus, inferior colliculus and substantia nigra. Regional competition studies in rat brain showed that salmon calcitonin was almost as effective as hCGRP alpha in competing for [125I]hCGRP alpha binding sites in the nucleus accumbens but was mostly inactive in other regions such as the mesolimbic cortex and the striatum. On the basis of their atypical sensitivity to salmon calcitonin, [125I]hCGRP alpha binding sites in the rat nucleus accumbens, which appear between postnatal days 4 and 7, do not seem to correspond to either the CGRP1 or CGRP2 receptor subtypes. Marked species differences were observed in the distribution of [125I]hCGRP alpha binding sites, especially in the nucleus accumbens. In the mouse, low densities of hCGRP alpha sites were observed in striatum and fronto-parietal cortex while low to moderate levels were found in the medial and posterior aspects of the nucleus accumbens. A similar distribution was seen in the guinea pig brain albeit of generally higher density. In the rat, very high amounts of [125I]hCGRP alpha binding were seen in the nucleus accumbens while lower levels were found in the striatum and certain cortical areas.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Autoradiography
  • Brain / growth & development
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Humans
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Kinetics
  • Macaca fascicularis
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Nucleus Accumbens / growth & development
  • Nucleus Accumbens / metabolism*
  • Organ Specificity
  • Phylogeny*
  • Pregnancy
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Receptors, Calcitonin
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Swine

Substances

  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Receptors, Calcitonin
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide