Objective: To associate changes of body composition, muscle strength (MS) and plasma hormones (PH) in resistance-training protocol in sedentary postmenopausal women (PMW).
Design: This randomized controlled trial, Brazilian 43 PMW (45-70-year-old) able for physical exercises were selected after they have accomplished medical and ethical criteria. They were assigned in two groups: RT, resistance training (n=22); and CT, not trained control (n=21); with supervision sessions of two to three exercise for large and one exercise for smaller groups in three series of 8-12 rep. (60-80%1RM) for each exercise. The training period lasted 16 weeks and was preceded by low-load exercise (40-50%1RM) adaptation period of 4 weeks (3/(times week)). Body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and composition (BIA) along with fast-PH (FSH, LH, estradiol, cortisol, IGF-1 and testosterone) were assessed before (M0) and after (M16) the 4 weeks period with the MS (1RM) determined also at 8 weeks (M8). The values were correlated by Person's test and the means compared by Student's t-test and ANOVA.
Results: At baseline both groups were similar in age, time of PMW, body composition, MS and fast-PH. However after 16 weeks, RT presented higher BMI (2.1%), IGF-1 (37.8%) and MM gain (1.8+/-0.8 kg) than CT. MM correlated positively with IGF-1 (r=0.45, p<0.05) and MS progressively increased in all exercise greater in pectoral than legs and upper arms.
Conclusion: Former sedentary postmenopausal women submitted to resistance training gained MM and MS irrespectively of fat mass changes but significantly associated with IGF-1 increase.