Purpose: This study investigated the effects of Coleus Forskohlii (CF) on body composition, and determined the safety and efficacy of supplementation.
Methods: In a double blind and randomized manner, 23 females supplemented their diet with ForsLeantrade mark (250 mg of 10% CF extract, (n = 7) or a placebo [P] (n = 12) two times per day for 12-wks. Body composition (DEXA), body weight, and psychometric instruments were obtained at 0, 4, 8 & 12 weeks of supplementation. Fasting blood samples and dietary records (4-d) were obtained at 0 and 12-wks. Side effects were recorded on a weekly basis. Data were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA and are presented as mean changes from baseline for the CF and placebo groups, respectively.
Results: No significant differences were observed in caloric or macronutrient intake. CF tended to mitigate gains in body mass (-0.7 +/- 1.8, 1.0 +/- 2.5 kg, p = 0.10) and scanned mass (-0.2 +/- 1.3, 1.7 +/- 2.9 kg, p = 0.08) with no significant differences in fat mass (-0.2 +/- 0.7, 1.1 +/- 2.3 kg, p = 0.16), fat free mass (-0.1 +/- 1.3, 0.6 +/- 1.2 kg, p = 0.21), or body fat (-0.2 +/- 1.0, 0.4 +/- 1.4%, p = 0.40). Subjects in the CF group tended to report less fatigue (p = 0.07), hunger (p = 0.02), and fullness (p = 0.04). No clinically significant interactions were seen in metabolic markers, blood lipids, muscle and liver enzymes, electrolytes, red cells, white cells, hormones (insulin, TSH, T3, and T4), heart rate, blood pressure, or weekly reports of side effects.
Conclusion: Results suggest that CF does not appear to promote weight loss but may help mitigate weight gain in overweight females with apparently no clinically significant side effects.