Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in diseases of the thyroid and parathyroid

Eur J Radiol. 2008 Jun;66(3):480-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2008.03.030. Epub 2008 May 27.


Disease of the parathyroid glands presents most often with hypercalcaemia secondary to excess parathormone (PTH) production. This is due to a solitary functioning parathyroid adenoma. The role of imaging is primarily to localise the functioning adenoma. Disease of the thyroid may present with a neck mass or thyroid dysfunction. This paper focuses on the approach and choice of imaging techniques in the evaluation of hypercalcaemia and thyroid masses.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Contrast Media
  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Metastasis / diagnosis
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Parathyroid Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Parathyroid Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Parathyroid Glands / abnormalities
  • Parathyroid Glands / pathology
  • Thyroid Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Thyroid Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Thyroid Gland / abnormalities
  • Thyroid Gland / pathology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*


  • Contrast Media