Sensorimotor deficits with ankle sprains and chronic ankle instability

Clin Sports Med. 2008 Jul;27(3):353-70, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2008.03.006.


The presence of sensorimotor deficits in patients who have suffered ankle sprains or who have chronic ankle instability has been recognized for several decades; however, a body of research literature has developed that elucidates potential physiologic explanations for these deficits. Alterations in a spectrum of sensorimotor measures make it apparent that conscious perception of afferent somatosensory information, reflex responses, and efferent motor control deficits are present with ankle instability. The specific origin of these deficits local to the ankle ligaments or at the spinal or supraspinal levels of motor control have yet to be fully elucidated. It is clear, however, that both feedback and feedforward mechanisms of motor control are altered with ankle instability.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ankle Injuries / complications*
  • Ankle Injuries / physiopathology
  • Ankle Joint / physiopathology*
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / complications*
  • Proprioception / physiology*
  • Sprains and Strains / complications*
  • Sprains and Strains / physiopathology